WHY IS 5G SO IMPORTANT FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS?

5G internet

If you are using a 3G or 4G network, the advent of 5G is in the offing. According to research, if it takes about eight minutes to download a movie on a 4G network, it will take about 5 seconds to download the same movie on a 5G network. This high-speed network would enable applications like interactive television, social gaming, 3-D high definition video, driverless cars, robotics, virtual reality and much more. A 5G network would help prioritization of data traffic and facilitate taking decisions in split seconds. The 5G network is not a mere extension of 3G and 4G. It is rather a wireless ecosystem which includes an interface enabling Wi-Fi, 4G, millimeter wave, and other wireless technologies which are integrated together.

The 5G network would transform the wireless networks from user-centric communication to machine type communication facilitating millions of devices to communicate with each other. The 5G network will usher in an era where billions of devices would be connected intelligently across low, mid, and high- frequency bands. Mainly, four factors differentiate 5G from its predecessors. They are an intelligent and fast network, connected devices, back-end services, and extremely low latency. These characteristics would create an interactive world of applications and devices enabling mobile broadband, artificial intelligence, machine-to-machine communication, and other advanced wireless communications. The 5G is not just a network but a platform for wireless communication integrating various technologies which make the execution of IoT possible. The advanced properties of a 5G network are particularly necessary for applications and devices related to IoT. One such example would be the emerging technology of autonomous cars for which low latency is required.

Journey from 2G to 5G

The telecommunication industry is evolving at a great speed with newer technologies requiring faster networks and advanced communication platforms. At the onset of internet communication, the 2G networks facilitated communication through voice. The 3G network subsequently evolved which helped both voice and data transfer followed by 4G for internet experiences through broadband. The 5G network would enable computational capabilities fused with communications so that computational power is embedded in the network which would make communication between devices easier.

5G provides a platform for IoT

According to Techradar, an SMS sent on a 4G network takes 40 milliseconds to reach the recipient. On a 5G network, it takes one or two milliseconds. For an eight GB movie to be downloaded, it takes a few seconds on a 5G network according to the studies conducted. We may not perceive such high speed, neither can we feel the difference between milliseconds but robots can. This is what matters the most while communicating between devices in the world of internet of things. The latency is also low so that intelligence can be embedded in the cloud to get it transferred between devices. These characteristics are critical for IoT. While a washing machine or a refrigerator may not need such high speed of data transfer as in 5G network but autonomous cars would certainly need it. The self-driven cars will be connected throughout and would need high-speed networks with low latency. The internet of things (IoT) requires combined communication between devices and computational power so that artificial intelligence is available to the machines and devices that make up the world of IoT. The IoT technologies that are evolving need networks that has built in artificial intelligence and 5G is the only network that can provide it.

Conclusion

The 4G network is doing fine for now with the applications that we currently use. The 5G network is a platform with an improved coverage and is needed for applications related to IoT. Not only IoT, but there are a lot of advancements happening in the field of interactive television, virtual reality, and interactive mobile games which are bandwidth hungry. A 4G network cannot support these. Evidently, it is imperative that in future, 5G would replace the 4G network with its myriad technological advantages.