Biometric authentication is a security measure which benefits biometric aspects of a custom to certify the identification of a person seeking to access an authorized device. Biometric elements are nothing but unique biological and physical aspects of an individual that can be analyzed against the authorized features stored in the database.
If the biometric aspects of the individual matches the feature of an authorized user stored in the database then the user will be permitted to access the device. Otherwise, the access will be refused.
The usage of biometric authentication has rapidly increasing over the generations as it has made its use to smartphones, user devices, and computers. Governments and private organisations are too benefiting biometric authentication in secure sectors. Most government applications involve biometric authentication for emergency assistance, traffic updates, field inspections, tracking systems for stolen vehicles, or notifications for bills and taxes.
Types of biometric authentication
Fingerprinting is one of the most frequent types of biometric authentication that is used in smartphones and other appliances. Fingerprint is an individual’s most unique find of identity. Even twin siblings have unique fingerprints on their hands.
Fingerprinting is not a fool-proof automation and carries its own shortcomings. In spite of that it’s the most prominent technology and is being applied by several companies. Fingerprint scanners are used to confirm the bearer’s identity before accessing governmental services or healthcare.
Facial recognition technology depends on testing various frequencies of an authorized face to the face of the individual seeking to get access. These frequencies are identified as faceprints. If sufficient amount of faceprints is matched than the user is permitted access. The facial recognition technology is already viable in many smartphones.
Voice identification technologies take vocal tendencies under consideration for differentiating among distinct parties. It forms a voice profile of an individual by incorporating an amount of data points and matches it with the data present in the database. The voice recognition technology concentrates on speaker’s throat and mouth for the evolution of specific sound quality.
There are mainly two eye scanners, which are retina scanners and iris recognition scanners. In retina scanners, an intense light is extended towards the eye which makes visible blood vessels patterns. These patterns are then read by the scanner and are matched against the approved pattern stored in the database. The iris scanners is also quite comparable. The iris scanner looks for different sequences in the coloured circle that is present around the pupil of the eye.
With increase in the usage of smartphones for the purpose of market and utilizing banking services, the communities have now established to advantage biometric technology for payments and money transfers.
Biometric security offers many advantages to authenticate and identify strongly. This is linked to privacy and user’s ability to control information about themselves.
Governments and private sectors are turning to mobile biometrics to speed up processing and data security of people in financial services and banking, border control, public transportation, healthcare and commercial shipping. We remain convinced that biometrics offers significant benefits for guaranteeing identity.